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Knowledgebase : Performance at Work
     
It is well documented that redundancies have been perceived in a negative light, in particular there is a focus on the negative effects that have been associated with employees whose job positions have been made redundant. Even so, many forget about the e...
Competencies in human resources refer to the knowledge, skills, abilities and other qualities that an individual possesses which influences his or her performance at work. These competencies are typically assessed during a job analysis where the appropria...
Competencies in Human Resources refer to the knowledge, skills, abilities and other qualities that an individual possesses which influences their performance at work. These competences are typically assessed during a job analysis where the appropriate com...
Organizational conflict is popularly known as a disruptive influence within organizations, as it can affect the organizational effectiveness and lead to counterproductive behaviours. This may not always be the case as research has suggested that conflict ...
Stress is a factor which can affect everyone at some point in thier lives. Stress can be defined in general terms whereby mental and physical health is affected by events. A stressor is the condition which causes an individual to feel stressed (physiologi...
Knowing how to delegate tasks is useful if it is done right. If an employee feels that they are working too hard, then delegating tasks might be a useful option for them. Delegating work allows the workload to be more manageable, staff can work together t...
There are several different forms of discrimination which can occur in the work place. Indirect discrimination refers to an implicit form of discrimination which is usually unintended. Direct discrimination is explicit and occurs as a form of intended act...
Exit interviews are useful to gather information to find out why an employee is leaving and for ways to improve working conditions. It is a conversation or an interview with the person leaving the job. It involves the employee who is leaving and the emplo...
Research has shown that people are more satisfied at work if they are treated fairly (compared to similar other people). This concept is often called the justice or equity theory. The concept basically states that employees are also motivated if they thin...
If someone has a belief about the attributes, characteristics and behaviours of members of certain groups, then they have a stereotype (Powell, Butterfield & Parents, 2002). Stereotypes can be advantageous as they are convenient to people because they...
Job performance is an important part in the survival of organizations.  There are several factors which can affect performance at work, and goal setting is one of them. Usually goals are set to be specific measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bounde...
It is critical for organizations to provide the correct induction for any new employee as that will be beneficial to them and the organization. The induction lays the foundation of the relationship between the employees and the employer, this allows organ...
Job Satisfaction refers to the set of beliefs and feelings that an individual has regarding their current position and which indicates how content they are. Individuals who have high levels of job satisfaction tend to like working in their position, feel ...
Conflict at work can arise due to several factors, such as a disagreement about money factors, working hours, holidays, project deadlines, harassment, bullying, working styles, etc. These issues exist in all organizations. Conflict can sometimes be resolv...
Motivation can be described as something that influences an employee into action, and there are certain factors which can influence this behavior of employees. Motivation involves someone's choice of their actions, the amount of effort they are willing...
Usually some sort of training is required before a new job can be performed effectively because most people are not experts in the tasks needed to complete a job.  One method of training someone for the job is called 'on-the-job training' (OJT). This invo...
Previous research in workplace bullying has usually focused on the role of the employee as being the victim or initiator. Bullying is a term which can be used in several different ways and the implication bullying has towards the organisation is an import...
Organizational Change refers to processes that result in changes to the existing organizational culture within an organization. Although changes to organizational culture can occur as part of the natural evolution of an organization, the term organization...
Outplacement Services refer to services offered by organizations undergoing downsizing activities. These services help affected employees through the transition and assist them in re-employment efforts. The services can be provided by the organization, bu...
Predicting job performance – Weighted Application Blanks Accurately predicting job performance is beneficial for organizations as it ensures that the right person is selected for a job. Several different assessment tools, such as interviews, application f...
There are several contracts which exist between an employee and employer. One contract is a written agreement whereby there is an exchange of services for some money. Another contract is a psychological one. This is an unwritten agreement between and empl...
Working in teams to achieve organizational goals is increasingly common in today’s workplace. Working in teams provides synergistic benefits such as the combined skills and knowledge of all the team members, varied perspectives to improve innovation and...
Having a good relationship at work between the employee and others in an organisation is an important part in job satisfaction and organisational commitment. The working attitudes of employees and their performance is affected by the trust they have in an...
Employee Assistance Progams (EAPs) are programs that are offered either by an employer or a third party provider engaged by the employer to employees to provide them with help in dealing with a myriad of issues that may impact negatively on their performa...
Safety Audits are detailed and systematic inspections or reviews of programs related to occupational health and safety. These audits are done to ensure compliance with organizational policies and external regulations that are applicable to the operations ...
Much organizational decision making is done in groups with various stakeholders providing varied perspectives, knowledge and skills to the effort. Nevertheless, group decision making is subject to a particular source of group bias called Groupthink. Group...
Job enrichment involves providing an employee with more responsibility for a job and challenges the individual’s skills at work. Enrichment involves increasing the decision-making authority and encouraging the employee with their tasks.  Providing employe...
Leadership can be described as a process by which an individual exerts influence to direct, manage and motivate others to fulfil organizational goals. This is an important characteristic for key members of the organization as effective leaders facilita...
Each organization possesses its own unique set of shared perspectives, values and standards which is known as its organizational culture. The organizational culture influences the manner in which the employees within the organization interact and coope...
There is a lot of information (on the internet, books, and magazines) which relates to work-life balance. Work-life balance is about the balance between the personal life and working life. There are several factors which can result from having an imbalanc...
Workplace aggression is related to behaviours which can cause harm to another person at work. Having the intention or motivation to harm someone else is included within this behaviour.  Behaviours such as bullying, physical attacks such as assault, or eve...